• Pharmacology

    Emetic and anti-emetics

    Emetic and anti-emetics Nausea and vomiting are basic human protective reflexes against the absorption of toxic, as well as responses to certain stimuli. Nausea: coming from two Greek words “Nautia” means sickness and “Vomere” means discharge. Nausea is define as a subjectively discomfort or unpleasant wavy like sensation in the back of the throat or epigastrium. Effect may shows flushing, tachycardia, sweating, excess salivation and sensation of being cold or hot may occur. Vomiting or emesis is characterized by contraction of the abdominal muscle, descent of diaphragm and opening of gastric cardia, resulting in forceful expulsion of stomach contents from the mouth. Pathophysiology Complex interaction between central and peripheral pathway:…

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