• Biohemistry


    Carbohydrate Carbohydrates may be defined as polyhydroxy aldehyde or ketones or compounds which produce them on hydrolysis. They serves as the major source of chemical energy for living organism (e.g. sugar and starch), as well as important constituents of supporting tissue (e.g. cellulose). It is the most abundant organic molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Beside these elements carbohydrate may contain other elements like nitrogen, phosphorous, Sulphur etc. Carbohydrate literally obtain from “hydration of carbon”. The empirical formula of carbohydrate is (C.H2O)n. Carbohydrate contributes a major role in our food source and they are abundantly or sufficiently found both animal and plant source. Functions of carbohydrates Energy supply for…

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